Studier relaterade till veganism

Global uppvärmning, utsläpp & miljöpåverkan:
Livestock’s Long Shadow: environmental issues and options – FAO of the United Nations
US EPA Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data
World Watch Livestock and Climate Change
US EIA Emission of Greenhouse Gases in the US
United Nations Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock (Key facts and findings)
Anthropogenic emissions of methane in the United States
Industry Leaders, including Energy Companies, Forge Partnerships to Advance Climate Solutions and Reduce ShortLived Climate Pollutants (Reducing methane emissions would create tangible benefits almost immediately.)
Livestock and climate change – International Livestock Research Institute

Regnskog:
Causes of Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon
CATTLE RANCHING IN THE AMAZON RAINFOREST
Soy Agriculture in the Amazon Basin (80% of Amazon soy is destined for animal feed)
Brazilian beef giant announces moratorium on rainforest ben

Vatten:
California’s Water Footprint (Californians use 1500 gallons of water per person per day. Close to Half is associated with meat and dairy products.)
Water Resources: Agricultural and Environmental Issues
Water footprint of crop and animal products: a comparison
HOW MUCH WATER DOES IT TAKE TO PRODUCE … ?
The water footprint of food – Prof. Hoekstra, University of Twente, the Netherlands
The water footprint of poultry, pork and beef: A comparative study in different countries and production systems
Biomass use, production, feed efficiencies, and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems

Land:
Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (Livestock covers 45% of the earth’s total land)
Costs And Consequences: The Real Price of Grazing on America’s Public Lands
Desertification, Drought Affect One Third of Planet, World’s Poorest People – UN

Öppna landskap:
Öppna landskap och biologisk mångfald
Animal Ag 70% of Amazon Destruction – World Bank
Animal Ag 80% of Amazon Destruction – Greenpeace

Havet:
NOAA-, EPA-supported scientists find average but large Gulf dead zone

87% of the World’s Fisheries are Overexploited or Fully Exploited
Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services – ”Seafood could be gone by 2048” origin study

Over 55% of the world’s reefs are threatened by fishing

48% carbon sequestered into the ocean
Killing Whales Prevents Sequestration Study
Main Risk to Whales Bycatch
FAO Shrimp Bycatch ”a ratio of 5.25 bycatch to 1 of shrimp.”
1/3 of fish fed to livestock study behind Telegraph article
US fishermen throw back 20% of their catch—often after the fish are already injured or dead
40+% of sea turtles die in bycatch
Many species are higher, 70% example
63-273 million sharks killed per year

Se även
http://www.cowspiracy.com/facts

Protein:
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Position 2016
46 grams per day for women, and 56 grams per day for men
Animal and Plant Protein IGF-1 Study
Under ordinary circumstances, protein meets only 5 percent of the body’s energy needs
Plant-based protein vs protein from meat

Cancer:
Vegan Blood slows cancer growth by 7-8x study
Blood dripped on cancer study 1
Meat Mutagens on Cancer.gov
Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective

Bröstcancer:
Dietary isoflavone intake and all‐cause mortality in breast cancer survivors
Dietary fibre intake and risk of breast cancer
Fruit and vegetable consumption in adolescence and early adulthood and risk of breast cancer
Red meat, poultry, and fish intake and breast cancer risk among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic white women
Vegetable and fruit consumption and the risk of hormone receptor
IARC Monographs evaluate consumption of red meat and processed meat
Red and processed meat, nitrite, and heme iron intakes and postmenopausal breast cancer risk in the NIH‐AARPDiet and Health Study
Exposure to Bovine Leukemia Virus Is Associated with Breast Cancer
Mediterranean Diet and Invasive Breast Cancer Risk Among Women at High Cardiovascular Risk in the PREDIMED Trial
Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk: a study in 2 cohorts
Adolescent meat intake and breast cancer risk

Prostatacancer:
34% increase in prostate cancer for high dairy study
Drinking milk vs no milk = 68% more prostate cancer
Adolescent Daily Milk = 302% increase prostate cancer
Increase in prostate cancer with dairy Japan
Dairy and Vitamin D and Prostate Cancer
Vegan Blood Kills prostate cancer study
Telomere repair on a plant-based diet

Östrogen:
Mammal estrogens are 10,000x more potent than xenoestrogens and meat can contribute to 40% of estrogen intake
60%+ of all external estrogen from dairy
IGF-1 Levels of vegans and others
IGF-1 in blood correlated with cancer
IGF-1 and Cancer growth
IGF-1 and metasteses to bone, brain, liver, lymph system, etc
Switching to a plant-based diet and IGF-1
Cholesterol and breast cancer development.

Diabetes:
Vegetarisk kost minskar risk för diabetes typ 2
Köttkonsumtion kopplad till leversjukdom och insulinresistens
Vegansk kost kan förebygga typ 2 diabetes
Meat, Dietary Heme Iron, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Växtbaserad kost mot övervikt, diabetes och hjärtsjukdom – randomiserad studie
Association between pre-pregnancy consumption of meat, iron intake, and the risk of gestational diabetes
Effect of a Brown Rice Based Vegan Diet and Conventional Diabetic Diet on Glycemic Control of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Persistent organic pollutants and diabetes

Hjärt och kärlsjukdomar:
Samband mellan ägg, kolestrol och hjärtkärlsjukdom
Consumption of a Defined Plant Based Diet Reduces Lp(a) and Other Atherogenic Lipoproteins and Particles in Four Weeks
Cardio-Metabolic Benefits of Plant-Based Diets
Mortality from different causes associated with meat, heme iron, nitrates, and nitrites
Animaliska livsmedel ökar risk för hjärtinfarkt och stroke (Trimetylamin N-oxid (TMAO))
Legume consumption was associated with lower risk of CVD
High red meat intake and all-cause cardiovascular and cancer mortality: is the risk modified by fruit and vegetable intake?
Dairy fat and risk of cardiovascular disease in 3 cohorts of US adults

Parkinsons sjukdom & parkinsonism:
Dramatic Response of Parkinsonism to a Vegan Diet
Dairy products and risk of Parkinson’s disease
Clinical and pharmacokinetic effects of a diet rich in insoluble fiber on Parkinson disease
A diet low in animal fat and rich in N-hexacosanol and fisetin is effective in reducing symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
Consumption of milk and calcium in midlife and the future risk of Parkinson disease
Pilot dietary study with normoproteic protein-redistributed plant-food diet and motor performance in patients with Parkinson’s disease.

Hypotyreos:
Exclusion of all animal foods was associated with half the prevalence of hyperthyroidism compared with omnivorous diets

Depression(inte alla typer av depression):
Frequent consumption of vegetables predicts lower risk of depression in older Taiwanese
Fruit, Vegetable and Antioxidant Intakes are Lower in Older Adults with Depression
Dietary pattern and depressive symptoms in middle age (whole foods)
Omega-6 fatty acids and greater likelihood of suicide risk and major depression in early pregnancy
Restriction of meat, fish, and poultry in omnivores improves mood
C-reactive protein response to a vegan lifestyle intervention
Long-term Effects of a Very Low-Carbohydrate Diet and a Low-Fat Diet on Mood and Cognitive Function
Effect of nutrient intake on premenstrual depression
A Worksite Vegan Nutrition Program Is Well-Accepted and Improves Health-Related Quality of Life and Work Productivity

Okategoriserad:
Vegan Mortality Adventists
Vöxtbaserad kost minskar behov av mediciner och förbättrar blodvärden
Potential health hazards of eating red meat (artikel)
Approximately 65 percent of the human population lactose intolerant – US National Library of Medicine
Vegan vs Omnivore Nun Bone Density
Scare Tactics and Misinformation About Dairy Are Backfiring (Artikel)
Beyond Meatless, the Health Effects of Vegan Diets

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